Food Science Universe (FSU)

Author name: Food Science Universe (FSU)

Meat Safety in Pakistan

Abstract Meat and meat products contribute to the availability of macromolecules like proteins and fats. They are also an important source of multiple vitamins and minerals when taken in recommended dietary intake. The overall quality of meat and meat products depends on their color, flavor, aroma, taste, and texture. The texture is mainly considered an …

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Ultrasound-Future of Fish Processing

Abstract Consumers always demand the best products regarding quality and nutrition. The trend of choosing products without preservatives, excessive heat treatments, and additives are also gaining popularity. To fulfill the desires of consumers new technologies are introduced in every food industry. Ultrasound is an emerging processing and analytical technique in food processing. It shows great …

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Packaging of Fresh Lean Marine Species and Salmonids

Summary Packaging is very important for the safety of food products. As fish are a perishable food so their packaging plays a very important role to determine shelf life. It is the final barrier that protects the product against deterioration and provides a shelf life extension. The choice of correct packaging is as important as …

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Importance of Nutraceuticals

Nutraceutical is a term obtained from “nutrition” and “pharmaceutics.” The term applied to items that are derived from natural items, dietary enhancements (supplements), food regimens, and handled food varieties like cereals, soups, and drinks that other than sustenance are likewise utilized as medication. The name was originated in 1989 by Stephen DeFelice. Creator and director …

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Diet Diversity Among Pregnant Women

The concept of dietary diversity has been considered very important because this concept has gained worldwide attention regarding adequacy in different nutrients. Nutrient adequacy among the population is the most valuable tool to access and recover all micronutrient deficiencies. In order to fulfill nutrient adequacy, variety in the diet must be included in our daily …

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Factors Affecting the Quality of Fish

Summary Fish is eaten in almost every part of the world. The nutritional value of fish is very good especially the presence of polyunsaturated fatty acids makes it best for human consumption. It biological value of protein is considered best in all muscle foods. Other than nutrition some cultures eat fish as a staple food. …

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World Heart Day

World heart day is celebrated every year on the 29 of September to create awareness in people by reducing risk factors like physical inactivity, smoking, and poor diet, thereby 80 percent of premature mortalities from heart diseases and stroke could be gone away. Cardiovascular diseases and Stroke/Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are the world’s number one killers …

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Impact of Climate on Spread of Microbial Diseases

Infectious diseases such as Hiv/aids, malaria, dengue, pneumonia and hepatitis have been on the call for many years. Recently two main diseases such as corona and hantavirus are in the news. But have we ever wondered that why there is an outrange of these diseases altogether. Let’s consider one of the most important things that …

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Significance of Tartaric Acid

Tartaric acid is a white, crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds, and citrus. Its salt, potassium bitartrate, commonly known as cream of tartar, develops naturally in the process of fermentation. Although it is renowned for its natural occurrence in grapes, it also occurs …

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Lychee – A Nutrient Rich Majestic Fruit

Lychee, which has the scientific name Litchi chinensis. Lychee is a majestic fruit with many health benefits. According to history, the lychee was introduced from the Fujian province of china into Taiwan by immigrants nearly 300 years ago. Lychee, a tall evergreen tree, bears tiny, fleshy fruits. The outside is pink-red, inedible roughly textured protecting …

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Food Wastage and Its Impact on Environment

Food is the main source that gives us energy and strength to do our daily routine work. But somehow unfortunately or due to our negligence, about 1.3 billion tons of food goes wasted worldwide annually. The food which goes wasted is one-third of the total food that is manufactured for the overall population of the …

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Black Persimmon as Immunity Booster during COVID-19 Pandemic

The prevention and control measures of COVID-19 reflect these practices such as sports, psychology, medication and diet. There is a massive emphasis on the utilization of those fruits and vegetables, providing greater immunity power as coronavirus attacks people with low, poor, weak or damaged immune systems; especially people under and overages it becomes an open …

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Vegetable Peels are Treasure of Nutrients

Vegetables are widely produced and consumed worldwide as raw, cooked, pickled and processed. Vegetables being cheaper are in easy access to the public than fruits especially in developing countries. Extensive utilization and industrial processing of these vegetables (especially carrot, cauliflower, beetroot, potato, onion and pea) produce an abundance of wastes including peels, pomace, stem, leaves …

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Learning Behavior Towards Childhood Obesity

Overweight and obesity among children is a major problem now a day, so it is a crucial need to control it by using key “EAT WELL AND KEEP MOVING” Overweight and obesity are not friendly healthy conditions for children. Poor health conditions resulting from overweight and obesity act as a barrier to development for a …

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Preserving Meat in the Right Way on Eid-ul-Adha

Eid arrives with joy and exuberance that gives us confidence that new clothing, shoes, braces, and the list just continues. Eid-ul-Adha brings an animal sacrifice or ‘Qurbani‘ with it. This is a Sunnah ritual, performed for Muslims by every well. Everyone, particularly the children are always passionate about the Qurbani. Eid-ul-Adha is a time to taste …

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Preventive Health and Hygiene Practices During COVID-19

The outbreak of COVID-19 as a pandemic has serious consequences for human life, health systems and economy worldwide. Various countries are in major lockdowns to prevent and contain the pandemic but all these efforts not that fruitful. The Health systems of many countries are on the verge of collapsing. No authentic cure has yet been …

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Immune Boosting Foods and Control of Coronavirus

Abstract The ability of organisms to fight against unknown microorganisms and harmful substances is known as immunity. Blood plays a vital role in improving immunity due to the appearance of white blood cells or tissues that fight against infectious diseases. Sometimes they are unable to recognize these organisms. Due to this reason, we need to …

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High Fiber Bakery Products

Fiber is an important dietary component that has several beneficial roles in our body. Various studies have proved that there is a relationship between the lack of fiber in the diet and the incidence of several common diseases. The diseases commonly associated with low-fiber diets include coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, diverticular disease, colon cancer, …

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Nutritional Tips During Pandemic COVID-19

When countries take stronger steps to prevent the spread of COVID-19, self-quarantine and temporary closure of businesses can affect normal food-related practices.  Healthy People, as well as Those with Acute Respiratory Symptoms, are advised to stay at home. Restaurants and takeaway services are being limited in some countries, and some fresh products are becoming less …

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Incredible Benefits of Wood Apple (Bael Fruit)

Introduction Wood Apple is also known as Bael Fruit which belongs to the family of Rutaceae and the genus of Aegle. The Scientific name of this astonishing fruit is known as Aegle marmelos. Sweet, aromatic, and astringent in nature. Bael fruits are Spherical Shape 7-10 cm in Diameter, with a Hard Exterior. Raw fruits look …

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Industrial Tomato Ketchup Production in Industry

Tomato Ketchup is made of a whole lot of stuff going inside it from vegetables to tomatoes and spices to preservatives. Salt (Sodium Chloride), Sugar, Spices, Spice Extracts, Vinegar, Acetic Acid, Onions, Garlic, Chillies, Pectin, and Alginates as Stabilizers. Tomato Ketchup Production Flow Chart Industrial Tomato Ketchup Production Video   1. Pulping The tomatoes are chopped …

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Certified Preservation Methods to Increase Shelf Stability of Food Products

Before the green revolution, the Ultimate Aim of the country was Food Security but now when our country is secure in terms of availability of food, the Concern has Shifted towards increasing the Shelf life of Commodities so that the consumers can enjoy them for a longer period of time. The shelf life is the …

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Food Safety Legislation in Pakistan

1. Introduction        An increase in the world population and its relation to trade has given rise to many food safety problems, especially in underdeveloped countries are affected by this problem. There is no doubt that food safety is a big challenge for under-developed countries, these countries have to overcome food safety issues …

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Disappointing Reality about Energy Drinks

Energy drinks are a kind of beverage that provides the body with a boost of energy. Due to this, it has created a new craze among the students and gaining popularity amidst sports people. As it turns out, most of that “energy” comes from two main ingredients: Sugar and Caffeine. Recent studies show that these …

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Seafood Processing

Fish Processing: Fish: The term ‘fish’ includes all fresh or saltwater finfish, molluscan shellfish, crustaceans, and other forms of aquatic animal life.  Handling of Fish: After fishing, fish should be sorted and only those in good condition, healthy and not damaged be destined for sale as live fish. Fish so classified is first conditioned in …

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Abstract: Phytosterols are typically plant origin and cannot be synthesized by human beings, therefore their source in the human body originates only from diet. Phytosterols are structurally very similar to cholesterol except that they always contain some substitutions at the C24 position on the sterol side chain. Phytostanol and phytosterol esters are chemically stable, fat …

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Abstract: Soybean oil accounts for more than 90% of all seed oil production in the United States. Genetically modified soybean oil, made from seeds of GM soybean plants, was recently introduced into the food supply on the premise that it is healthier than conventional soybean oil. The dominant position of soybeans and their products is …

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Food Security

Abstract: Food security exists when all people at all-time have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet dietary needs and preferences for an active and healthy life. There are four dimensions of food security availability, access, utilization and stability. Food security is thus fundamental to national security, which is generally …

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Abstract:  Microencapsulation is the way toward encompassing or wrapping one substance inside another substance on a little scale, yielding capsules going from short of what one micron to a few hundred microns in size. The encapsulation proficiency of the microparticles or microcapsule relies on various factors like the concentration of the polymer, the solubility of …

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